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February 7 - October 14, 1945 - WASHINGTON, DC

February 7, 1945 - Transfer to Naval Barracks

Dad was transferred to the Naval Barracks in Washington, DC on February 7th and was assigned as a cook to the WAVES* Quarters "D" at Nebraska and Massachusetts Avenues.

*WAVES is short for Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service

WAVE Quarters "D"

Below are the only photos Dad had in his scrapbook related to the time he spent at the WAVE Quarters. These photos are probably of the "galley" force. Dad is sitting on the railing in the photo on the right.

Pete Perino
Galley Force Galley Force
Pete Perino and an Unidentified Sailor
Stan is 4th from Left
Stan with Foot Over Railing
Galley Force
Pete Perino
Milton Lett, Nina, and Dick
Stan with Foot Over Railing
Pete Perino

Milton Lett

Nina, and Dick

Photos of Galley Force-Navy Barracks

Washington, DC

February - 1945
Other WWII Action and Notable Events
February 4, 1945 President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leader Josef Stalin began a wartime conference at Yalta.
February 11, 1945 President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and Soviet leader Stalin signed the Yalta Agreement.
February 13, 1945

The Soviets captured Budapest, Hungary from the Germans.

Allied planes began bombing the German city of Dresden.

February 16, 1945 American troops landed on the island of Corregidor in the Philippines.
February 19, 1945 Some 30,000 U.S. Marines landed on Iwo Jima, where they began a month long battle to seize control of the island from Japanese forces.
February 23, 1945 U.S. Marines on Iwo Jima captured Mount Suribachi, where they raised the American Flag.
February 24, 1945

American soldiers liberated the Philippine capital of Manila from Japanese control.

February 26, 1945 A  midnight curfew on nightclubs, bars and other places of entertainment was set to go in effect across the U.S..


**LCI (G) 474 Sunk off Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands, 17 February 1945

March - April 1945

March 25, 1945 - Mel Arrives in DC

On March 25th, Dad finally got his wish for spending more time with his new bride. Mel (Mom) finally went to DC and for the first time, they started living together as husband and wife.

Stan and Mel Having a Little Fun in DC

Stanley with his wife Mel

Having a Little Fun with Friends in Washington DC

During the time that Mom and Dad spent in DC they visited DC sites and hung out with other sailors and their wives. Mom and Dad are in the back on the left in the photo above.  Although Dad's World War II service was winding down, the war continued in both the European and Pacific Theaters. Below are the actions and other notable events that occurred between March through October 1945 which


March 1945
Other WW II Action and Notable Events
March 3, 1945 The Allies fully secured the Philippine capital of Manila from Japanese forces.
March 7, 1945 U.S. forces crossed the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany using the damaged but still usable Ludendorff Bridge.
March 9, 1945 U.S. B-29 bombers launched incendiary bomb attacks against Japan, resulting in an estimated 100,000 deaths.
March 16, 1945 Iwo Jima was declared secured by the Allies.
March 19, 1945

724 people were killed when a Japanese dive bomber attacked the carrier USS Franklin off Japan; the ship, however, was saved.

Adolf Hitler issued his so-called "Nero Decree" ordering the destruction of German facilities that could fall into Allied hands.

March 21, 1945 Allied bombers began four days of raids over Germany.
March 27, 1945 Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower told reporters in Paris that German defenses on the Wester Front had been broken
March 30, 1945 The Soviet Union invaded Austria.
April 1945
Other WW II Action and Notable Events
April 1, 1945 American forces launched the amphibious invasion of Okinawa.
April 4, 1945

U.S. troops on Okinawa encountered the first significant resistance from Japanese forces at the Machinato Line.

U.S. forces liberated the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany.

April 7, 1945 American planes intercepted and effectively destroyed a Japanese fleet that was headed to Okinawa on a suicide mission.
April 11, 1945

American soldiers liberated the notorious Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald in Germany.

April 12, 1945 President Franklin D. Roosevelt died of a cerebral hemorrhage in Warm Springs, GA at age 63; he was succeeded by Vice President Harry S. Truman.
April 15, 1945 British and Canadian troops liberated the Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen.
April 16, 1945

In his first speech to Congress President Truman pledged to carry out the war and peace policies of his predecessor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

U.S. troops reached Nuremberg, Germany.

April 18, 1945 Famed American war correspondent Ernie Pyle, 44, was killed by Japanese gunfire on the Pacific island of le Shima, off Okinawa.
April 20, 1945 Allied forces took control of the German cities of Nuremberg and Stuttgart.
April 25, 1945

U.S. and Soviet forces linked up on the Elbe River, a meeting that dramatized the collapse of Nazi Germany's defenses.

Delegates from some 50 countries met in San Francisco to organize the United Nations.

April 26, 1945 Marshal Henri Philipe Petain, the head of France's Vichy government during World War II was arrested.
April 28, 1945 Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, were executed by Italian partisans as they attempted to flee the country.
April 29, 1945

American soldiers liberated the Dachau concentration camp.

Adolf Hitler married Eva Braun and designated  Adm. Karl Doenitz president.

April 30, 1945 As Russian troops approached his Berlin Bunker, Adolf Hitler committed suicide along with his wife of one day, Eva Braun.

**LCI (G) 82 Sunk by Japanese Suicide Boat off Okinawa, Ryuku Islands, 4 April 1945

May - June 1945
Taking Leave To Visit Family

Dad undoubtedly knew that the war in Europe was over as announced by President Harry S. Truman on May 8, 1945.  With the war now over in Europe, Dad, on May 30, 1945, took a 7 day leave from his duties at the Navy Barracks. Most likely he and Mel (Mom) used this time to return to the Pittsburgh area and spend as much time as possible with their families whom they haven't seen in a couple of months. 


May 1945
Other WW II Action and Notable Events
May 1, 1945
A day after Adolf Hitler committed suicide Adm. Karl Doenitz effectively became sole leader of the third Reich with the suicide of Hitler's propaganda minister, Josef Goebbles.
May 2, 1945
The Soviet Union announced the fall of Berlin, and the Allies announced the surrender of Nazi troops in Italy and parts of Austria.
May 3, 1945
Allied forces captured Rangoon, Burma, from the Japanese.
May 4, 1945
German forces in the Netherlands, Denmark and northwest Germany agreed to surrender.
May 5, 1945
In the only fatal attack of its kind during World War II, a Japanese balloon bomb exploded on Gearhart Mountain in Oregon, killing the pregnant wife of a minister and five children.
May 7, 1945 Germany signed an unconditional surrender at Allied headquarters in Rheims, France.
May 8, 1945 President Truman announced in a radio address that World War II had ended in Europe.
May 23, 1945 Nazi official Heinrich Himmler committed suicide while imprisoned in Luneburg, Germany.
June 1945
Other WWII Action and Notable Events
June 18, 1945 William Joyce, known as "Lord Haw-Haw", was charged with high treason for his English-language wartime broadcasts on German radio.  (He was hanged in January 1946)
June 21, 1945 American soldiers on Okinawa found the body of Japanese commander, Lt. Gen. Mitsuru Ushijima, who had committed suicide.
June 22, 1945 The battle for Okinawa officially ended with some 13,000 Americans and 90,000 Japanese soldiers and 130,000 civilians killed in the 81-day campaign.
June 26, 1945 The charter of the United Nations was signed by 50 countries in San Francisco.


July - September 1945
Stanley and Mel's First Child on the Way

Dad had not written to anyone for the past several months so Mom, who had lots of time to write, sent a letter to Dad's sister Mae on July 2, 1945. After inquiring about Mae's children, Mom announced that she was pregnant. She wrote:

...I had to quit work as I've been too sick. I'm expecting my baby in February [1946].  I can't eat or drink a darn thing...You have to go through a lot, but it sure is worth it...I can't wait. I'm so proud and happy. I wanted to wait until after the war, but I'm glad I didn't...We both would like to have a boy. Of course it doesn't matter as long as its healthy...We'll probably be home some time before "Junior" is born. At least I hope so...

July 1945
Other WW II Action and Notable Events
July 16, 1945 The United States exploded its first experimental atomic bomb, in the desert of Alamogordo, NM.
July 17, 1945 President Harry Truman, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet leader Josef Stalin began meeting in Potsdam in the final summit of World War II.
July 28, 1945 A U.S. Army bomber crashed into the 79th floor of New York's Empire State Building killing 14 people.
July 30, 1945 The USS Indianapolis was torpedoed by a Japanese submarine; only 316 out of 1,196 men survived the sinking and the shark infested waters.
August 1945
Other WW II Action and Notable Events
August 2, 1945 President Harry Truman, British Prime Minister, and Soviet leader Josef Stalin concluded the Potsdam conference.
August 6, 1945 The United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, killing an estimated 140,000 people in the first use of a nuclear weapon in warfare.
August 8, 1945

President Harry Truman signed the United Nations Charter.

The Soviet Union declared war against Japan.

August 9, 1945 3 days after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, the United States exploded a nuclear device over Nagasaki, killing an estimated 74,000 people.
August 14, 1945 President Truman announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally, ending World War II.
August 15, 1945 This day was proclaimed "V-J Day" by the Allies, a day after Japan agreed to surrender unconditionally.
August 21, 1945 President Truman ended Lend-Lease Program that had shipped some $50 billion in aid to America's allies during World War II.
August 28, 1945 American troops began landing in Japan following the surrender of the Japanese government.
August 30, 1945 Gen. Douglas MacArthur arrived in Japan and set up Allied occupation headquarters.
September 1945
Other WWII Action and Notable Events
September 2, 1945 japan formally surrendered in ceremonies aboard the USS Missouri, ending World War II
September 5, 1945 Iva Toguri D'Aquino, a Japaanese-American suspected of being wartime broadcaster Tokyo Rose, was arrested in Yokohama.  (D'Aquino served six years in prison and was pardoned by President Gerald Ford in 1977).
September 10, 1945 Vidkun Quisling was sentenced to death in Norway for collaborating with the Nazis.
September 19, 1945 Nazi propagandist William Joyce, know as "Lord Haw-Haw" was sentenced to death by a British court.

October 14, 1945 - Discharge from the Navy

After spending 3 years, 3 months, and 16 days in the US Navy, Dad was given an Honorable Discharge from the U.S. Navy on October 14, 1945. Dad, who enlisted in the Navy, as a 19 year old teenager, was discharged as a mature young married man of 22.  Dad was now ready to tackle the full time responsibilities of family life while awaiting the pending birth of his first child in February 1946..

Stanley Galik's Honorable Discharge Paper

Stan's Honorable Discharge Papers

October 1945
Other WW II Action and Notable Events
October 8, 1945 President Truman announced that the secret of the atomic bomb would be shared only with Britain and Canada.
October 15, 1945 Former Premier of Vichy France, Pierre Laval, was executed.
October 24, 1945 The United Nations officially came into existence as its charter took effect.
October 30, 1945 The U.S. government announced the end of shoe rationing.

**LCI (L) 684 Sunk off Samar, Philippine Islands 12 November 1945

Change of Address Notice to Naval Barracks, Washington DC

Stanley Galik SC2

Change of Address to Naval Barracks

Washington, DC

Stan with WAVE Galley Force- Naval Barracks, Washington, DC

Stan (on railing) with Galley Force

Naval Barracks

Washington, DC































Stan and Mel (Mom and Dad) in Washington, DC

Stan and Mel Walking in DC

Mom - Mel Galik in DC

Mel in DC

Washington DC sites

More DC Landmarks

Some Washington, DC Landmarks

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